đŒ·đŒ°đŒżđŒ±đŒč𐌳𐌰𐍃𐌮đŒč𐌳𐌰

𐌰𐍄 𐍅đŒčđŒșđŒčđ€đŒŽđŒłđŒŸđŒ°, 𐍃𐍉 𐍆𐍂đŒčđŒŸđ‰ 𐌮đŒČđŒș𐌮đŒčđŒșđŒ»đ‰đ€đŒŽđŒłđŒŸđŒ°
(đŒœđŒ°đŒżđŒžđŒŸđŒ°đŒœ đ†đ‚đŒ°đŒŒđŒč𐍃 đŒ·đŒ°đŒżđŒ±đŒč𐌳𐌰𐍃𐌮đŒč𐌳𐍉)
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đŒ·đŒ°đŒčđŒ»đƒ, đŒ°đŒ»đŒ» đŒ°đŒœđŒ° 𐍅đŒčđŒșđŒč𐍀𐌰đŒčđŒłđŒŸđŒ°đŒč
𐍆𐍂đŒčđŒŸđ‰đŒœđƒ đŒČ𐌿𐍄đŒč𐍃đŒșđ‰đŒœđƒ 𐍆𐍂𐍉𐌳đŒčđŒ±đ‰đŒș𐍉𐍃.
420 𐍃𐌮đŒč𐌳𐍉𐍃 đŒČđŒżđ„đŒ°đ‚đŒ°đŒ¶đŒłđŒ°đŒč
𐍅𐌰đŒčđŒ»đŒ° đŒ°đŒœđŒłđŒ°đŒœđŒŽđŒŒđŒ° 𐍃đŒčđŒŸđŒ°đŒč𐌾 đŒ°đŒœđŒ° đŒČ𐌿𐍄đŒč𐍃đŒșđ‰đŒœ đŒżđƒđŒŒđŒŽđ‚đŒŸđŒ° 𐍅đŒčđŒșđŒč𐍀𐌰đŒčđŒłđŒŸđ‰đƒ, 𐍆𐍂𐍉𐌳đŒčđŒ±đ‰đŒș𐍉𐍃 đŒčđŒœ đŒœđŒ°đ„đŒŸđŒ°, 𐌾𐌰𐍂𐌮đŒč đˆđŒ°đ‚đŒŸđŒč𐍃 đŒŒđŒ°đŒČ đŒŒđŒčđŒžđŒ°đ‚đŒ±đŒ°đŒčđŒłđŒŸđŒ°đŒœ. 𐍃𐍉 𐍅đŒčđŒșđŒč𐍀𐌰đŒčđŒłđŒŸđŒ° đŒČđŒżđ„đ‚đŒ°đŒ¶đŒłđŒ°đŒč đŒŸđŒ°đŒ· 420 𐍃𐌮đŒč𐌳𐍉𐍃 đŒ·đŒ°đŒ±đŒ°đŒč𐌾.
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  • 𐌮đŒč đŒ±đŒčđŒ» đŒČ𐌰𐍄𐌮𐍃 đŒčđŒœ đŒŸđŒŽđ‚đŒ°đŒŒ 2010 đŒŸđŒ°đŒ· 2008 đŒČđŒ°đŒ±đŒčđŒČđŒč𐍃𐍄𐌰 đŒŒđŒ°đŒœđŒœđŒ° đŒœđŒč 𐍅𐌰𐍃?
  • đŒșđ‰đŒ°đŒ»đŒ° đŒ±đŒ°đŒč𐍂𐍉𐍃 18 𐍈𐌮đŒčđŒ»đ‰đƒ 𐌳𐌰đŒČ𐌰 đƒđŒ»đŒŽđ€đŒ°đŒœđŒł?
  • 𐌮đŒč đŒ»đŒŽđŒč𐍄đŒčđŒ»đƒđ„đŒ° đŒ·đŒżđŒœđŒł đ„đƒđŒŸđŒč𐍈𐌰𐍅𐌰 đŒč𐍃𐍄?

(đŒ°đŒ»đŒłđŒ°đŒč 𐍅𐌰đŒčđŒ·đ„đ‰đƒ | +)

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𐌰đŒČ𐌿𐍃𐍄𐌿𐍃

𐌰đŒČ𐌿𐍃𐍄𐌿𐍃 đŒș𐌰đŒč𐍃𐌰𐍂

đŒČđŒ°đŒŸđŒżđƒ 𐌰𐌿đŒș𐍄𐌰𐍅𐌮đŒčđŒœđƒ (đŒČ𐍉𐌾𐌮đŒčđŒœđ‰ đŒ»đŒ°đ„đŒčđŒœđŒč𐍃đŒș𐍉: GAIVS‱OCTAVIVS‱CAESAR) đŒ±đŒč𐌾𐌮 𐌰𐌿đŒČ𐌿𐍃𐍄𐌿𐍃 (đŒČ𐍉𐌾𐌮đŒčđŒœđ‰ đŒ»đŒ°đ„đŒčđŒœđŒč𐍃đŒș𐍉: IMPERATOR‱CAEASAR‱DIVI‱F‱AVGVSTVS) (đŒ°đ‚đ‚đŒ°đŒœđŒŒđŒŽđŒœđ‰đŒžđƒ đŒșđŒČÊč, đŒŸđŒČÊč 𐍆𐍇 (AUC: 𐍇𐍁𐌰Êč)-đŒ°đƒđŒ°đŒœđŒŒđŒŽđŒœđ‰đŒžđƒ đŒč𐌾Êč, đŒč𐌳Êč 𐌰𐍇 (AUC: đˆđŒŸđŒ¶Êč) 𐍅𐌰𐍃 đ‚đŒżđŒŒđ‰đƒ đ†đ‚đŒżđŒŒđŒč𐍃𐍄𐌰 imperator (đŒș𐌰đŒč𐍃𐌰𐍂) đŒŸđŒ°đŒ· đŒČ𐌰𐍃𐌰𐍄𐌮đŒč𐍃 đ‚đŒżđŒŒđ‰đŒœđŒč𐍃đŒșđŒčđŒœđƒ 𐍂𐌮đŒčđŒșđŒŸđŒč𐍃. 𐍂𐌮đŒčđŒșđŒčđŒœđ‰đŒłđŒ° đ†đ‚đŒ°đŒŒ đŒșđŒ¶Êč 𐍆𐍇 đŒżđŒœđ„đŒŽ 𐍃𐌮đŒčđŒœđŒ°đŒœđŒ° 𐌳𐌰𐌿𐌾𐌿 đŒčđŒœ đŒč𐌳Êč 𐌰𐍇. 𐍅𐌰𐍂𐌾 đŒČđŒ°đŒŸđŒżđƒ 𐌰𐌿đŒș𐍄𐌰𐍅𐌮đŒčđŒœđƒ (đŒČ𐌰đŒč𐌿𐍃 𐍉đŒș𐍄𐌰𐍅đŒč𐌿𐍃) đŒčđŒœ đŒČđŒ°đŒ±đŒčđŒČđŒ°đŒŒđŒŒđŒ° đ‚đŒżđŒŒđ‰đŒœđŒ°đŒŒđŒŒđŒ° đ€đŒ»đŒŽđŒ±đŒ°đŒœđŒč𐍃đŒșđŒ°đŒŒđŒŒđŒ° 𐍆𐌰𐌳𐍂𐌮đŒčđŒœđŒ°đŒč 𐌰𐌿đŒșđ„đŒ°đ…đŒŸđŒ° (Octavii 𐌰đŒč𐌾𐌾𐌰𐌿 gens Octavia). 𐌰𐍆𐌰𐍂 đŒŒđŒ°đŒżđ‚đŒžđ‚ đŒŸđŒżđŒ»đŒŽđŒč𐍃 đŒș𐌰đŒč𐍃𐌰𐍂đŒč𐍃 đŒčđŒœ đŒŒđŒłÊč 𐍆𐍇, 𐌳đŒč𐌰𐌾𐌮đŒčđŒșđŒč đŒș𐌰đŒč𐍃𐌰𐍂đŒč𐍃 đŒ·đŒ°đŒč𐍄𐌰𐌳𐌰 𐌰𐌿đŒș𐍄𐌰𐍅𐌮đŒčđŒœđƒ 𐍃𐍅𐌰 đŒč𐍃 đŒČđŒ°đŒłđŒŽđŒłđŒ°đŒœđƒ đƒđŒżđŒœđŒżđƒ đŒŸđŒ°đŒ· đŒ°đ‚đŒ±đŒŸđŒ°. đŒŒđŒč𐌾 đŒŒđŒ°đ‚đŒș𐌰𐌿 đŒ°đŒœđ„đ‰đŒœđŒŸđŒ° đŒŸđŒ°đŒ· đŒŒđŒ°đ‚đŒș𐌰𐌿 đŒ»đŒŽđ€đŒč𐌳𐌰𐌿, đŒč𐍃 đŒČ𐌰𐍃đŒș𐌰𐍀đŒč𐌳𐌰 đŒ°đŒœđŒžđŒ°đ‚đŒ° đŒ·đŒ°đŒœđƒđŒ°đŒžđ‚đŒčđŒłđŒŸđŒčđŒœđƒ đŒ±đŒ»đŒ°đŒżđŒžđŒŸđŒ°đŒœ đŒ±đŒ°đŒœđŒ°đŒœđƒ đŒș𐌰đŒč𐍃𐌰𐍂đŒč𐍃.

𐌰𐍆𐌰𐍂 đŒ±đŒ°đŒłđ…đŒ° 𐍆đŒčđŒ»đŒčđ€đ€đŒŸđŒ°, đŒ·đŒ°đŒœđƒđŒ°đŒžđ‚đŒčđŒłđŒŸđŒčđŒœđƒ 𐌳𐌰đŒčđŒ»đŒŸđŒ°đŒœđŒł đ‚đŒżđŒŒđ‰đŒœđ‰đŒœ 𐌾đŒč𐌿𐌳𐌰𐍅𐌰đŒčđŒ·đ„ đŒŒđŒč𐌾 𐍃đŒč𐍃 đŒŒđŒč𐍃𐍃𐍉 𐍃𐍅𐌰 đŒ·đŒ°đ‚đŒč đŒ°đŒœđŒ°đŒŒđŒ°đŒ·đ„đŒŸđŒ°đŒœđƒ. 𐌳𐌿𐌾𐌾𐌮 đŒșđŒčđŒœđŒłđŒŽđŒčđŒœđƒ 𐌰đŒčđŒ¶đŒ°đƒđ‰đŒș𐌮đŒčđŒœđƒ, đŒ»đŒŽđ€đŒč𐌳𐌿𐍃 𐍅𐌰𐍃 đŒčđŒœ 𐌮đŒșđƒđŒ°đŒżđ‚đŒŸđŒ° đŒŸđŒ°đŒ· đŒ°đŒœđ„đ‰đŒœđŒŽđŒč𐍃 𐍃đŒčđŒș 𐍃đŒčđŒ»đŒ±đŒ°đŒœ đŒżđƒđŒ”đŒ°đŒŒ 𐌰𐍆𐌰𐍂 đŒ±đŒ°đŒłđ…đŒ° 𐌰đŒș𐍄đŒčđ‰đŒœđŒč𐍃 đŒčđŒœ đŒ»đŒ°Êč 𐍆𐍇, đŒ±đŒčđŒ»đŒŽđŒčđŒžđŒ°đŒœđƒ 𐍅𐌰𐍃 𐌰𐌿đŒș𐍄𐌰𐍅𐌮đŒčđŒœđƒ 𐍃𐍅𐌮 𐌰đŒčđŒœđŒ°đŒ·đŒ° đŒșđŒčđŒœđŒłđŒčđŒœđƒ. đŒč𐍃 𐍅𐌰𐍃 đŒČ𐍉𐌾𐍃 đŒș𐌰đŒč𐍃𐌰𐍂, đŒ±đŒ»đ‰đ„đŒ°đŒœđƒ 𐍃𐍅𐌮 đŒČ𐌿𐌾 đŒ±đŒč đŒŸđŒ°đŒ· 𐍆𐌰đŒčđ‚đŒœđŒčđŒŒ đŒŸđŒ°đŒ· 𐌰đŒč𐍂đŒčđŒ¶đ‰đŒŒ đ‚đŒżđŒŒđ‰đŒœđ‰đŒŒ đŒ·đŒ°đŒčđŒžđŒœđ‰đŒŒ. 𐌰đŒČ𐌿𐍃𐍄𐌿𐍃 đŒČ𐌰𐍃𐌰𐍄đŒč𐌳𐌰 đŒ·đŒč𐍅đŒč 𐍆𐍂𐌮đŒčđŒ¶đ‰đƒ 𐌾đŒč𐌿𐌳𐌰𐍅𐌰đŒčđŒ·đ„đƒ, 𐍂𐌰đŒČđŒčđŒœđŒŽđŒčđŒœđƒ đŒŒđŒ°đŒ·đ„đƒ đŒčđŒœ 𐌾đŒč𐌿𐌳𐌰𐍅𐌰đŒčđŒ·đ„đƒđ„đŒ°đŒłđŒ°, đ‚đŒżđŒŒđ‰đŒœđ‰ 𐌮đŒč𐍂đŒčđŒœđ‰đŒłđŒŽđŒčđŒșđŒčđƒđ‰đŒœđƒ, đŒŸđŒ°đŒ· đŒČđŒ°đŒ”đŒżđŒŒđŒžđŒčđŒœđƒ, đŒŸđŒ°đŒ· đŒœđŒ°đŒżđŒ·đŒžđŒ°đŒœđŒżđŒž 𐌰đŒčđŒœđŒ° đŒŒđŒ°đŒœđŒœđŒ° 𐍅𐌰𐍃 đŒșđŒčđŒœđŒłđŒčđŒœđƒ 𐌿𐍆𐌰𐍂 𐌾đŒč𐌿𐌳𐌰𐍅𐌰đŒčđŒ·đ„. đŒč𐍃 Princeps (đ†đ‚đŒżđŒŒđŒč𐍃𐍄𐍃 đŒ·đŒčđŒœđŒłđŒ°đ‚ đŒčđŒ±đŒœđŒ°-đŒ»đŒŽđŒčđŒșđŒŸđŒ°đŒč) đŒŸđŒ°đŒ· 𐌰𐍆𐍄𐍂𐌰𐍃𐍄đŒč𐌿𐍂đŒč𐌳𐌰 đŒČ𐌰𐍃𐌰𐍄𐌮đŒčđŒœđŒ°đŒ±đ‰đŒș𐌰 𐍃𐍅𐌰 Principatus Romanus đŒ»đŒ°đŒčđƒđ„đŒ°đŒœđŒ°đƒđ„đŒ°đŒčđŒœ đ‚đŒżđŒŒđ‰đŒœđŒč𐍃đŒșđ‰đŒœđƒ 𐍂𐌮đŒčđŒșđŒŸđŒč𐍃.

𐌰đŒČ𐌿𐍃𐍄𐌿𐍃 đŒŒđŒč𐌾 𐍃𐌮đŒčđŒœđŒ°đŒč đŒ”đŒč𐍃𐍃𐌰 "reddidÄ«, cƍnfēcÄ«, aedificāvÄ«, dedÄ«" (đŒČ𐌰𐍃𐌰𐍄đŒč𐌳𐌰, đŒżđƒđ†đŒżđŒ»đŒ»đŒč𐌳𐌰, 𐍄đŒčđŒŒđ‚đŒč𐌳𐌰, đŒČ𐌰𐍆) 𐌰𐍆𐍄𐍂𐌰𐍄đŒčđŒŒđ‚đŒč𐌳𐌰 đ‚đŒżđŒŒđŒ°. 𐍃𐍄đŒč𐌿𐍂đŒč𐌳𐌰 Pax Romana (đ‚đŒżđŒŒđ‰đŒœđƒ 𐍆𐍂đŒč𐌾𐌿𐍃), 𐌾𐌰𐍄𐌰 đŒ°đŒœđŒłđƒđ„đŒ°đŒœđŒłđŒ°đŒœđƒ đ†đ‚đŒ°đŒŒ đŒŸđŒŽđ‚đŒ° đŒșđŒ¶Êč 𐍆𐍇 𐌳𐌿 𐍂𐍀Êč 𐌰𐍇 (𐍈đŒșđŒ¶Êč-đŠđŒ»đŒČÊč AUC), đƒđŒ”Êč. 𐌰đŒČ𐌿𐍃𐍄𐌿𐍃 𐍃𐍄đŒč𐌿𐍂đŒč𐌳𐌰 đ…đŒ°đŒ»đŒłđŒżđ†đŒœđŒč đŒŸđŒ°đŒ· đ†đ‰đŒœđŒ·đŒ°đŒčđ†đƒđ„đŒŸđŒ° đŒŒđŒ°đŒ·đ„đŒčđŒœđƒ đŒčđŒœ đ‚đŒżđŒŒđŒ°đŒč. 𐍃𐍅𐌰 đŒș𐌰đŒč𐍃𐌰𐍂, đŒč𐍃 đŒ±đŒ»đŒ°đŒżđŒłđŒč𐌳𐌰 𐌰đŒčđŒČ𐍅𐍀𐍄𐌿, đŒłđŒ°đŒ»đŒŒđŒ°đ„đŒŸđŒ°, đ€đŒ°đŒœđŒœđ‰đŒœđŒŸđŒ°, đŒœđŒ°đŒżđ‚đŒčđŒșđ‰đŒœ, 𐌰𐍆𐍂đŒčđŒș𐌰, 𐌾đŒč𐌿𐌳đŒč𐍃đŒșđŒ°đŒ»đŒ°đŒœđŒł, đŒ·đŒŽđŒčđƒđ€đŒ°đŒœđŒŸđŒ°, đŒŸđŒ°đŒ· 𐍂𐌰đŒčđ„đŒŸđŒ°. 𐌰đŒČ𐌿𐍃𐍄𐌿𐍃 đŒČđŒ°đƒđ…đŒ°đŒ»đ„ đŒ°đŒ»đŒłđŒ° đ€đŒ”Êč đŒčđŒœ đŒ°đƒđŒ°đŒœđŒŒđŒŽđŒœđ‰đŒž đŒč𐌾Êč, đŒč𐌳Êč 𐌰𐍇. đŒč𐍃 đŒČ𐌰𐍆đŒčđŒ»đŒ·đŒ°đŒœđƒ 𐍅𐌰𐍂𐌾 đŒčđŒœ đŒ·đŒ»đŒ°đŒč𐍅𐌰đŒČ𐌰𐍄đŒčđŒŒđ‚đŒŸđ‰đŒœ 𐌰đŒČ𐌿𐍃𐍄𐌰𐌿𐍃, đŒč𐌾 đŒčđŒœ 𐍅đŒčÊč (Í”đŒ°đ‚đŒŸđŒČÊč AUC), đŒČđŒżđ„đŒ°đŒœđƒ đŒ°đŒ»đŒ°đ‚đŒŽđŒčđŒșđŒč𐍃 𐍃𐍄đŒčđŒ»đŒżđŒœ đŒș𐌰𐍃𐌰 đŒŸđŒ°đŒ· 𐍃𐍄𐍂𐌰𐌿đŒčđŒłđŒŽđŒłđŒżđŒœ đŒ°đŒ¶đŒČđ‰đŒœđƒ, đŒœđŒč đ†đ‚đŒ°đŒ”đŒčđƒđ„đŒŸđŒ°đŒœđŒłđŒ° đŒČ𐌰𐍄đŒčđŒŒđ‚đŒŽđŒčđŒœ..


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đŒșđŒżđŒœđŒŸđ‰đƒ đŒșđŒżđŒœđŒŸđŒ°
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đŒČđŒżđ„đŒ°đŒœđƒ
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Only see squares? Download this font: Ulfilas (by Robert Pfeffer).

Don't speak Gothic? Gothic is an ancient East Germanic language spoken during the Dark Ages in Ukraine, Spain, Italy, and Aquitaine. It is the oldest Germanic language which we have a lot of knowledge of, and its vocabulary is highly similar to that of Old English. It is mostly known through a translation of the Bible made in the 4th century by Wulfila, an Ostrogothic bishop, but there are other writings in Gothic, such as a calendar, some records of financial transactions, and an explanation of the Bible known as the "Skeireins". The Skeireins is most likely written in native Gothic, and so it has a more complex structure than the Gothic Bible. Gothic is no longer spoken, and it has no descendants, but it can still be seen in Spanish, with words like "ganso" (goose), and in "Bagme Bloma", a poem by J.R.R Tolkien written in a reconstructed form of Gothic.

Gothic is written in an alphabet of its own. You will find fonts here, keyboard help here, and transliteration rules here.


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𐍅đŒčđŒșđŒčđ€đŒŽđŒłđŒŸđ‰đƒ đŒčđŒœ đŒ°đŒ»đŒŸđŒ°đŒčđŒŒ đ‚đŒ°đŒ¶đŒłđ‰đŒŒ